# Queen Elizabeth II
# Princess Elizabeth II
# King George VI
# tree house
# King George VI
# Queen Elizabeth II
# Princess Elizabeth
# William the Conqueror
# William I
# King William
# King William I
# law code
# Middle Ages
# Medieval Ages
# Medieval Europe
Here is set down what William, king of the English, established in consultation with his magnates after the conquest of England:
1. First that above all things he wishes one God to be revered throughout his whole realm, one faith in Christ to be kept ever inviolate, and peace and security to be preserved between English and Normans.
2. We decree also that every freeman shall affirm by oath and compact that he will be loyal to king William both within and without England, that he will preserve with him his lands and honor with all fidelity and defend him against his enemies.
3. I will, moreover, that all the men I have brought with me, or who have come after me, shall be protected by my peace and shall dwell in quiet. And if any one of them shall be slain, let the lord of his murderer seize him within five days, if he can; but if he cannot, let him pay me 46 marks of silver so long as his substance avails. And when his substance is exhausted, let the whole hundred in which the murder took place pay what remains in common.
4. And let every Frenchman who, in the time of king Edward, my kinsman, was a sharer in the customs of the English, pay what they call “scot and lot”, according to the laws of the English. This decree was ordained in the city of Gloucester.
5. We forbid also that any live cattle shall be bought or sold for money except within cities, and this shall be done before three faithful witnesses; nor even anything old without surety and warrant. But if anyone shall do otherwise, let him pay once, and afterwards a second time for a fine.
6. It was decreed there that if a Frenchman shall charge an Englishman with perjury or murder or theft or homicide or “ran”, as the English call open rapine which cannot be denied, the Englishman may defend himself, as he shall prefer, either by the ordeal of hot iron or by wager of battle. But if the Englishman be infirm, let him find another who will take his place. If one of them shall be vanquished, he shall pay a fine of 40 shillings to the king. If an Englishman shall charge a Frenchman and be unwilling to prove his accusation either by ordeal or by wager of battle, I will, nevertheless, that the Frenchman shall acquit himself by a valid oath.
7. This also I command and will, that all shall have and hold the law of the king Edward in respect of their lands and all their posessions, with the addition of those decrees I have ordained for the welfare of the English people.
8. Every man who wishes to be considered a freeman shall be in pledge so that his surety shall hold him and hand him over to justice if he shall offend in any way. And if any such shall escape, let his sureties see to it that they pay forthwith what is charge against him, and let them clear themselves of any complicity in his escape. Let recourse be had to the hundred and shire courts as our predecessors decreed. And those who ought of right to come and are unwilling to appear, shall be summoned once; and if for the second time they refuse to come, one ox shall be taken from them, and they shall be summoned a third time. And if they do not come the third time, a second ox shall be taken from them. But if they do not come the fourth summons, the man who is unwilling to come shall forfeit from his goods the amount of the charge against him — “ceapgeld” as it is called — and in addition to this a fine to the king.
9. I prohibit the sale of any man by another outside the country on pain of a fine to be paid in full to me.
10. I also forbid that anyone shall be slain or hanged for any fault, but let his eyes be put out and let him be castrated. And this command shall not be violated under pain of a fine in full to me.
# The Other Boleyn Girl
# Natalie Portman
# Philippa Gregory
# Scarlett Johansson
# Felix Baumgartner
# Space Dive
# Space Diver
It was amazing to watch if not very frightening! No way would I free fall from space (127,000+ feet)! He didn’t break the elapsed time record but won for the highest jump and fastest speed! Woohoo, got to see history being made!
# Prince Charles
# Queen Elizabeth II
So input whatever you want into the blank! Go crazy with it! A co-worker, and close friend of mine, put in “cheese nipples” and about made me pee my pants in laughter!
Also, it’s Talk Like a Pirate Day, Butterscotch Pudding Day, Visit a Sick Friend Day, Blood Bank Day, and Saints Day for Acutius, Alonso de Orozco Mena, Arnulph, Constantia, Desiderius, Dorymedon, Elias, Emily de Rodat, Eutychius, Felix, Festus, Goeric, Hugh of Sassoferrato, Januarius, Mary de Cerevellon, Nilus, Peleus, Pomposa, Sabbatius, Sequanus, Sosius, Susanna, Theodore of Tarsus, Thomas Akafuji, and Trophimus.
On September 19, 1881, 20th U.S. President James A. Garfield died of gunshot wounds, shot by attorney Charles J. Guiteau. The next day, Chester A. Arthur was sworn in, becoming the 21st U.S. President.
Carpenter Bruno Richard Hauptmann was arrested on September 19, 1934 for the arrest and murder of the Lindbergh baby (toddler son of pilots Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh) in what became known as “The Crime of the Century.”
September 19th is also Armed Forces Day (Chile), Cosmetic Bridge Day, Fairies Jubilee of the Moth Moons Holiday, Feast Day of St. Januarius of Benevento, Feast of Mato - the Bear Spirit (Lakota and Ogalala Sioux), Feast of St. Lucy the Virgin, Feast of Thoth -God of Wisdom and Magic (Egypt), Festal Celebration of St. Sequanus, International Day of Peace (varies), International Women’s E-commerce Awareness Day, Kids Day and National POW/MIA Recognition Day (varies).
Additional September 19th holidays include National Student Day, National Woman Road Warrior Day, Pig’s Face Feast Day (United Kingdom), Scouring the White Horse Day (United Kingdom), Sesame Street’s Slimey the Worm Birthday Celebration Day, St. Eustochius of Tours Festal Holiday, St. Kitts and Nevis Independence Day, St. Theodore of Canterbury Day and World Peace Day.”